Health

Latest Publications

Solid State Relay Circuit USE MOSFET

SSR or Solid state transfers are high force electrical switches that work without including mechanical contacts, rather they utilize strong state semiconductors like MOSFETs for exchanging an electrical burden.




SSRs can be utilized for working high force loads, through a little info trigger voltage with irrelevant current.

These gadgets can be utilized for working high force AC stacks just as DC loads.

Strong State Relays are profoundly proficient contrasted with the electro-mechanical transfers because of a couple of particular highlights.

Substance stow away

1 Main Features and Advantages of SSR

1.1 Basic SSR Working Concept utilizing MOSFETs

1.2 Basic SSR Design

2 How it Works

3 Making a Practical SSR Circuit

Principle Features and Advantages of SSR

The principle highlights and focal points of strong state transfers or SSRs are:

SSRs can be fabricated effectively utilizing a base number standard electronic parts

They work with no type of clicking sound because of the nonappearance of mechanical contacts.

Being strong state additionally implies SSRs can switch at a lot quicker speed than the conventional electro-mechanical sorts.

SSRs don't depend outside stock for turning ON, rather extricate the stockpile from the heap itself.

They work utilizing insignificant current and in this manner don't deplete battery in battery worked frameworks. This likewise guarantees immaterial inactive current for the gadget.



Fundamental SSR Working Concept utilizing MOSFETs

In one of my prior posts I clarified how a MOSFET based bidirectional switch could be utilized for working any ideal electrical burden, much the same as a standard mechanical switch , however with uncommon points of interest.

The equivalent MOSFET bidirectional switch idea could be applied for making a perfect SSR gadget.

For a Triac based SSR please allude to this post




fundamental strong state transfer SSR structure idea

In the above demonstrated fundamental SSR structure, we can see a few fittingly appraised MOSFETs T1 and T2 associated consecutive with their source and door terminals participated in the same way as one another.

D1 and D2 are the interior body diodes of the particular MOSFETs, which might be fortified with outside parallel diodes, whenever required.




An information DC supply can likewise be seen appended over the regular entryway/source terminals of the two MOSFETs. This stockpile is utilized for setting off the MOSFETs ON or for empowering perpetual switch ON for the MOSFETs while the SSR unit is operational.

The AC supply which could be up to lattice mains level and the heap are associated in arrangement over the two channels of the MOSFETs.

How it Works

The working of the proposed sold state hand-off can be comprehended by alluding to the accompanying chart, and the relating subtleties:

positive half cycle SSR working

negative half cycle SSR working

With the above arrangement, because of the information entryway supply associated, T1 and T2 are both in the turned ON position. At the point when the heap side AC input is switch ON, the left outline shows how the positive half go leads through the significant MOSFET/diode pair (T1, D2) and the correct side graph shows how the negative AC push directs through the other supplementing MOSFET/diode pair (T2, D1).



In the left graph we discover one of the AC half spins experiences T1, and D2 (T2 being converse one-sided), lastly finishes the cycle through the heap.

The correct side chart shows how the other half cycle finishes the circuit the other way by directing through the heap, T2, D1 (T1 being turned around one-sided for this situation).

Thusly the two MOSFETs T1, T2 alongside their separate body diodes D1, D2, permit both the half cycles of the AC to lead, controlling the AC load splendidly, and achieving the SSR job productively.

Making a Practical SSR Circuit





So far we have taken in the hypothetical structure of a SSR, presently how about we push forward and perceive how a functional strong state transfer module could be worked, for exchanging an ideal high force AC load, with no outer information DC.


The above SSR circuit is arranged precisely similarly as talked about in the prior essential plan. In any case, here we discover two extra diodes D1, and D2, alongside the MOSFET body diodes D3, D4.


The diodes D1, D2 are presented for a particular reason to such an extent that it frames an extension rectifier related to the D3, D4 MOSFET body diodes.


The little on OFF switch could be utilized for turning the SSR ON/OFF. This switch could be a reed switch or any low current switch.

For rapid exchanging you can supplant the switch with an opto-coupler as demonstrated as follows.


Generally the circuit presently satisfies 3 necessities.


It controls the AC load through the MOSFET/Diode SSR design.


The scaffold rectifier framed by D1 - D4 all the while changes over the heap AC contribution to redressed and separated DC, and this DC is utilized for biasing the entryways of the MOSFETs. This enables the MOSFETs to get suitably turned ON through the heap AC itself, without relying upon any outside DC.


The amended DC is additionally ended as a helper DC yield which could be utilized for driving any reasonable outside burden.


How the Diodes Work Like Bridge Rectifier


During the positive half cycles, the present travels through D1, 100k, zener, D3 and back to the AC source.


During the other half cycle, the present travels through D2, 100k, zener, D4 and back to the AC source.

No comments